Health problems among Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMNs) admitted to the Medicine ward of Cox’s Bazar Medical College Hospital

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Brief description: Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMNs) or Rohingya refugees are one of the vulnerable groups suffering from different kinds of health problems but have been less reported yet. Therefore, the study was designed to delineate the health problems among FDMNs admitted to Cox’s Bazar Medical College Hospital. This hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the Medicine ward, Cox’s Bazar Medical College Hospital, for a six-month period following approval. Rohingya refugees who were admitted during the study period were approached for inclusion. Informed written consent was ensured prior to participation. A structured questionnaire was used during data collection. Collected information was recorded in case record form. A total of 290 subjects were interviewed. Analysis was performed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20.

The mean age of the participants was 48.76 ± 18.67 years (range: 16–91), with a clear male predominance (60.7%). Family size ranged 6–8. All of the participants reported at least one of the illnesses. Of all, 29.66% patients had disease of the respiratory system, and 26.9% had disease of the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary system. Accidental injury or injury due to electrocution or thin falls or snake bites was present in 10.4% of the cases. Among the single most common diseases, COPD (20%) was the most frequently observed, and the rest of them were chronic liver disease (13.1%), pulmonary TB (5.5%), ischemic stroke (5.5%), CAP (4.1%), acute coronary syndrome (3.4%), thalassaemia (3.4%) and hepatocellular carcinoma (3.4%). Among the top 6 diagnosed diseases, PTB was more common in elderly individuals (p = 0.29). The disease pattern was similar across the sexes among the refugees except community acquisition pneumonia (CAP), which was commonly observed among males (p = .004). Considering different age groups, genitourinary problems were more common in males aged >60 years, and rheumatology and musculoskeletal problems were equally affected in females aged between 40 and 60 years. COPD, CLD and CAP were the most prevalent diseases in FDMN patients who attended the Medicine ward of Cox’s Bazar Medical College Hospital. Further exploration is warranted before any policy making and comprehensive plan.

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