Frequency of Nutritional Rickets among Suspected Rickets Cases in Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka

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Brief description: Nutritional rickets (NR) is one of the common form of growing bone disease resulting significant disability unless treated properly. Despite scope of adequate sunlight exposure, which is a source of vitamin D in young child in Bangladesh, increased trend of NR is observed. Considering this fact, the study was designed to explore the frequency of nutritional rickets among suspected rickets cases. Materials and Methods: The prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in Dhaka Sishu Hospital (DSH) in Bangladesh over a period of 2 years. Child aged 1-5 years attending in DSH with complaints bowing of leg and/or clinical symptoms consistent with rickets were approached. Suspected rickets cases were investigated further and total 100 cases were analyzed. Informed consent and ethical measures were ensured in each cases. Data analysis was done by SPSS 23. Among the 100 suspected rickets child, mean age was 29.36±13.09 SD (months). There  were 64% (n=64) male and rest of them (36%, n=36) were female. Of all, the frequency of rickets was 90%, wherein the frequency of nutritional rickets was 87.78% (n=79). Male sex is associated with higher proportion of NR than female child. Limb deformity is the most common features in group of child and bowing leg, swelling and widening of wrist, rickety rosary and knock knee were present in 51.9%, 27.8%, 26.6% and 25.3% children respectively. Whereas, delayed growth and delayed dentition were present in 26.6% and 21.5% respectively. Nutritional rickets is the commonest subtype of rickets in Bangladesh.

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